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Glossary

This Glossary is intended to provide information in relation to some of the programmes referred to in the Directory.

The material contained in the Glossary is intended as an aid to users of the Directory and is not to be taken as a strict interpretation of the terms sought to be explained.

Further information in relation to the programmes referred to in the Glossary can be obtained from the respective websites of the individual projects providing the programmes.

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"A Life of Choices" Programme "Incredible Years" Parenting Programme
Active Citizenship "Invest to Save" Programme
Befriending Service Joint Policing Committees
"Big Brother Big Sister" Mentoring Programme Local Policing Fora
"CHART (Changing Habits and Reaching Targets)" Programme Mediation
Community Employment (CE) Scheme Needle & Syringe Programme
Community Based Organisation (Probation Service) Offender Reparation Programme
"Copping On" Programme "Putting the Pieces Together" Programme
Crisis Intervention Re-integration services
Day Centre Regeneration
Early intervention Resettlement Services
FETAC Residential Treatment Programmes
"Fred Goes Net" Early Intervention Programme Restorative Justice Programmes
Gaisce (The President's Award) Programme "Strengthening Families" Programme
Garda Youth Diversion Project Victim and offender mediation
Harm reduction Young Person's Probation Project (YPP)
Court Referred Pre - Sanction Restorative Justice Programme


"A Life of Choices" Programme "A Life of Choices" Programme aims to develop social skills, decision making and problem solving skills. The Programme teaches young people to manage their emotions, reduce impulsive behaviour and build empathy. "A Life of Choices" addresses anger management and encourages pro-social behaviour, and increases a young person's motivation to change.
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Active Citizenship An active citizen is someone who takes a role in the community and contributes to the community. The term has been associated with volunteering.
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Befriending Service Befriending services are a support service for people in need of support, to mental health, homelessness or other issues. Befriending services involves trained volunteers assisting the service user by spending time together regularly, giving individual attention and support and helping people to help themselves. The service can also involve encouraging choice, being a good listener, helping to reduce social isolation and having fun. Service users are matched with volunteers to provide support. Other supports provided may include information on services in the community, and acting as a contact point or referral point.
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"Big Brother Big Sister" Mentoring Programme The "Big Brother Big Sister" Mentoring Programme matches young people to caring adult volunteers who provide mentoring support, guidance and encouragement to assist them in their school, family, and community lives. The Programme is based in 14 counties nationwide and works in schools and the community to help young people raise their expectations in life and fulfil their unique potential, in the face of adversity.
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"CHART (Changing Habits and Reaching Targets)" Programme "CHART (Changing Habits and Reaching Targets)" Programme is a 12 module structured cognitive behavioural intervention programme, aimed at young people who need a high level of intervention and those at risk of re-offending. CHART can also be used with young people who require a lower / less intensive level of intervention. The modules include compulsory modules (Mapping my Offences, Motivation to Change, Thinking and Offending, Problem-solving, Lifestyle Balance, Relapse Prevention) and discretionary modules (Violence, Motor Vehicle Offending, Drugs and Alcohol, Healthy Relationships, Living independently, Education and Work).
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Community Employment (CE) Scheme The Community Employment (CE) programme is designed to help people who are long-term unemployed and other disadvantaged people to get back to work by offering part-time and temporary placements in jobs based within local communities.
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Community Based Organisation (Probation Service) Community Initiatives The Probation Service provides funding and support to community based organisations (CBOs) to develop and deliver services in their communities to meet local needs and enhance the work of the Probation Service in changing offending behaviour. The Probation Service recognises and acknowledges the important role that CBOs play in working with offenders, supporting their re-integration and engagement in a positive and contributing lifestyle in their communities. The network of projects play an important role for the Probation Service, in addition to the work of mainstream services, by adding a further dimension to services and supports the Probation Service can offer offenders and their communities in reducing re offending and increasing public safety. Many offenders under the supervision of the Probation Service have complex needs such as alcohol or drug problems, literacy skills, and social skills. These offenders require a broad range of support and assistance in the community if they are to make better choices for themselves and their communities. There are also specialised initiatives and support services delivered by community based providers such as restorative justice, mentoring and sex offender programmes. Information on the work of the projects and initiatives, and their contact details are available at www.probation.ie/
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"Copping On" Programme The "Copping On" Programme is part of a national crime awareness and prevention initiative aimed at early school-leavers. "Copping On" aims to make young people aware of the consequences of criminal behaviour and offending. Some of the topics covered in the Programme are: Communication Skills, Relationships, Right and Wrong, Attitudes towards Crime, Drugs and Alcohol.
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Court Referred Pre - Sanction Restorative Justice Programme Restorative justice is an approach to justice that focuses on the needs of the victims and the offenders, as well as the involved community. Victims take an active role in the process, while offenders are encouraged to take responsibility for their actions, to repair the harm they've done - by apologizing, monetary reparation, or community service. Restorative justice has been defined as a process whereby parties with a stake in a specific offence collectively resolve how to deal with the aftermath of the offence and its implication for the future.
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Crisis Intervention Crisis Intervention can be defined as emergency psychological care or addiction services aimed at assisting individuals in a crisis situation to restore equilibrium to minimise the potential for trauma. The priority of crisis intervention/counseling is to stabilise the person. Crisis interventions occur at the spur of the moment and in a variety of settings, as trauma can arise suddenly.
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Day Centre A day centre order (under Children Act 2001) requires a child to attend a day centre and participate in a programme of activities. Attendance at the centre is for a maximum of 90 days. The days need not be consecutive, but attendance cannot exceed a period of 6 months. Generally, the programme is available in the evenings and on weekends so as not to interfere with school, training or employment.
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Early intervention Early intervention means intervening at a young age or early on in a problem. It has been demonstrated internationally that effective early interventions can provide children with solid social and emotional foundations and can help ensure children become good parents themselves.
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FETAC Further Education Training and Awards Council (FETAC) is the national awarding body for further education and training in Ireland. www.fetac.ie FETAC awards fit into the overall National Framework of Qualifications for Ireland. There are 10 levels on the national framework 1 being the lowest and 10 being the highest. www.nfq.ie FETAC offers programmes at levels 1-6 and third level colleges and universities normally offer programmes at levels 7 to 10.
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"Fred Goes Net" Early Intervention Programme "Fred Goes Net" is a short intervention and selective addiction prevention programme. The programme is aimed at 14 - 21 year olds who do not consider themselves in need of any support and are outside of support systems, who are first time drug offenders or display behavioural problems related to alcohol. The programme uses counselling and a short intervention programme to prevent young people from progressing from drug or alcohol use to abuse and/or addiction. The programme uses reflection and addresses motivation to change behaviour. The Programme provides information on the legal aspects of drug use and on the implications of risky consumption, and provides practical advice on how to quit or limit problematic consumption.
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Gaisce (The President's Award) Programme Gaisce’s mission is to contribute to the development of all young people through the achievement of personal challenges. Gaisce - The President's Award is the most prestigious Award in Ireland for young people aged 15 to 25. Gaisce is an old Irish word which means ‘a great achievement’. The Award programme is a challenge from the President of Ireland to young people to set and pursue personal goals in four different areas of activity; Community Involvement, Personal Skills, Physical Recreation and an Adventure Journey, with the support of an adult leader. The Award programme challenges young people between 15 and 25 years of age to get involved in their community, set personal goals for themselves in terms of physical recreation and personal skill and undertake an adventure journey as a member of a team. There are three separate awards; Bronze, Silver or Gold with the level of effort and maturity required increasing as a participant moves towards the Gold Award. Participation in the Award affords a young person the opportunity to grow and develop with the assistance and support of a President’s Award Leader (PAL) during that vital transition period from young person to young adult. Gold Awards are presented annually by the President at Dublin Castle with Bronze and Silver Awards being presented locally and regionally by a range of high profile people and Gaisce staff. Each participant receives a certificate signed by the President, a medal and a lapel pin. More information can be found at www.gaisce.ie.
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Garda Youth Diversion Project Garda Youth Diversion Projects are community based multi-agency youth crime prevention initiatives which primarily seek to divert young people who have been involved in anti-social and/or criminal behaviour. They provide suitable activities to facilitate personal development promote civic responsibility and improve long-term employability prospects. The projects may also work with young people who are significantly at risk of becoming involved in anti-social and/or criminal behaviour. Projects are co-funded by the European Social Fund 2007 – 2013 through the Irish Youth Justice Service, Department of Justice and Equality in conjunction with An Garda Síochána under the priority of Activation & Participation of Groups outside the Workforce. Each GYDP has a Project Committee which is chaired by An Garda Síochána. The Committee is responsible for advising on and approving project planning and strategy, and monitoring and evaluationg project performance. Each project also has a Referral Committee, chaired by the Juvenile Liaison Officer which decides on participants for inclusion in the project.
Project Committee may include:
  • Local Garda Superintendent or nominated Inspector
  • Local Garda Juvenile Liaison Officer and/or Local Community Garda
  • Community Based Organisation Representative (CBOR)
  • Community Representatives agreed by the Project Committee
  • Additional members from local agencies both statutory (e.g. Probation Service, NEWB) and non-statutory as required.
Referral Committee should include:
  • Local Garda Juvenile Liaison Officer
  • Local Community Garda
  • Youth Justice Workers
  • Probation officer or other appropriate professional as agreed by the Project Committee.
The project delivers a number of interventions aimed at improving outcomes of the participants including improving family life and building self esteem through positive social interactions among participants engaged.
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Harm reduction Harm reduction refers to a range of public health policies designed to reduce the harmful consequences associated with human behaviors, even if those behaviors are risky or illegal. A typical example of behavior targeted for harm reduction policies would be recreational drug use.
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"Incredible Years" Parenting Programme The "Incredible Years" programme is a research-based programme for reducing children's aggression and behaviour problems and increasing social competence at home and at school. The programme promotes children’s social competence, emotional regulation and problem solving skills and reduces their behaviour problems. The objectives of the interventions are to help parents and teachers provide young children (0-12 years) with a strong emotional, social and academic foundation so as to achieve the longer term goal of reducing the development of depression, school drop out, violence, drug abuse and delinquency in later years.
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"Invest to Save" Programme "Invest to Save" is a social intervention programme developed to build self confidence, raise aspirations, build self esteem and encourage personal, social and civic responsibility. The programme is aimed at people with a background of offending behaviour and encourages them to invest in their own future and their family’s and community’s futures. The topics covered include: Gym and Gym Instruction, Basic Writing Skills FETAC Level 2, Personal and Interpersonal Skills, Career Guidance, Conflict Resolution, Tai Chi and Drama.
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Joint Policing Committees Joint Policing Committees (JPC) aim to develop greater consultation, cooperation and synergy on policing and crime issues between An Garda Síochána, Local Authorities, elected local representatives and members of the local community and voluntary sectors. A JPC now exists in each local authority area and provides a forum for discussion of safety and quality of life issues in communities.
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Local Policing Fora Local Policing Fora provide a mechanism through which the community, An Garda Síochána, the Local Authority and other stakeholders as required come together to improve communication, share appropriate information and identify issues of concern in relation to policing, anti-social behaviour and estate management. They work together to find solutions to issues raised, report on progress and develop guidelines to manage difficulties that arise. The Local Policing Fora report to the Joint Policing Committee at each meeting and can advise the County Council and the Gardai on how to best perform their functions having regard to the need to do everything feasible to improve the safety and quality of life and to prevent crime, disorder and anti-social behaviour within the area.
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Mediation Mediation is a voluntary and non-binding dispute resolution process in which the parties to a dispute attempt to reach a mutually acceptable agreement to resolve their dispute with the assistance of an independent third party, called a mediator.
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Needle & Syringe Programme A Needle & Syringe Programme is a health promotion intervention grounded in the harm reduction philosophy; where drug users can obtain sterile injecting equipment and other drug paraphernalia at no cost to them. The aim of these services is to reduce the damage associated with sharing used injecting equipment i.e. preventing the spread of HIV, Hepatitis C, vein damage, overdose, etc. The National Drugs Strategy 2009 - 2016 recognises the importance of needle exchange as a central part of a harm reduction strategy. In Dublin robust needle exchange services are provided through HSE clinics and voluntary sector providers. Needle Exchange service outside Dublin are being expanded through the Irish Pharmacy Needle Exchange (PNEX) service which was launched in mid-2011 as a joint initiative between the Health Service Executive (HSE), the Irish Pharmacy Union (IPU) and the Elton John Aids Foundation (EJAF). Starting in late 2011, pharmacies were recruited on the basis of expression of interest, the location and the local need for a needle exchange. There were approximately 50 pharmacies providing a PNEX service by the end of 2012.
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Offender Reparation Programme An Offender Reparation Programme is an aspect of Restorative Justice whereby, when an offender pleads guilty in Court on a Public Order charge, the Judge may provide the option of a criminal conviction and fine or participation in the Offender Reparation Programme. Participation entails a meeting with a Restorative Justice facilitator to discuss the offence, its effects, consequences and possible ways in which the offender can repair the harm caused. A meeting with the Reparation Panel ensues – the Panel is made up of representatives from An Garda Siochana, Probation & Welfare Service, the Community and the assigned Restorative Justice Facilitator. The Reparation Panel and Offender agree a ‘contract’ which will include certain actions i.e. an apology, a charitable donation, maintaining a journal – which focuses on reflection and choices, the undertaking of some form of awareness raising around alcohol, anger management - if appropriate, and a commitment to good behaviour in the future When the offender has completed the actions in the contract, a report is submitted to the Court, which includes a copy of the contract, a record of the actions taken and any appropriate paperwork. If the Judge agrees that the offender has successfully completed his/her contract, the case will be disposed of under the Probation of Offenders Act 1907 and there will be no criminal record relating to the offence.
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"Putting the Pieces Together" Programme “Putting the Pieces Together” is a drug education/awareness programme aimed at young people, parents and community groups. The programme aims: To explore and challenge attitudes in relation to substance use, to enhance knowledge and understanding of substance use, to explore how drugs affect the brain and elicit their effects, to address risky behaviour through brief interventions and to provide information on services available locally and nationally
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Re-integration services Re-integration services are supports for offenders who need assistance to address the crimnogenic factors that lead to their offending such as homelessness, peer groups, personality issues etc.
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Regeneration Urban Regeneration involves a holistic multi-disciplinary approach to understanding the physical and social needs of a community. This approach involves widespread and in-depth research into the built environment and social infrastructure, combined with consultation and engagement with the community and other identified stakeholders before proposing solutions. Urban Regeneration differs from remedial works or refurbishment in that it is an ongoing process rather than a specific response to a particular problem. Indeed Urban Regeneration is at its most effective where it begins before problems emerge to dominate the agenda.
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Resettlement Services Resettlement Services generally provide support for homeless people moving out of homelessness to independent living. They entail the provision of pre and post settlement support to homeless rough sleepers, families in private accommodation and people in emergency hostels who are motivated to move out of homelessness.
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Residential Treatment Programmes Residential Treatment Programmes entail the provision of treatment and support (including follow up), in a residential setting, to persons want to transform their dependence on, for example, alcohol, drugs, and gambling.
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Restorative Justice Programmes Restorative Justice is an approach to justice that focuses on the needs of the victims and the offenders, as well as the involved community, instead of merely punishing the offender. It is a way of dealing with victims and offenders by focusing on the harm arising from crime and resolving the underlying problems that caused it. It also focuses on finding ways that offenders can make things right for victims and others affected by crime.
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"Strengthening Families" Programme The "Strengthening Families" Programme (SFP) is a 14 week family skills programme which works with children and young people, and their parents, to develop their communication skills and build positive family relationships. SFP teaches new skills such as: Encouraging good behaviour, Clear communication, Problem solving, Limit setting, Managing stress, Helping your teen handle peer pressure, Staying cool in conflicts, Coping with criticism, Managing stress, Solving problems, Dealing with relationships and Handling peer pressure. SFP is nationally and internationally recognised and evidence based and found to significantly reduce problem behaviors, delinquency, and alcohol and drug abuse in children and to improve social competencies and school performance. Child maltreatment also decreases as parents strengthen bonds with their children and learn more effective parenting skills. SFP is aimed at high-risk and regular families.
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Victim and offender mediation Victim and offender mediation is a process that provides interested victims an opportunity to meet their offender, in a safe and structured setting, and engage in a mediated discussion of the crime. With the assistance of a trained mediator, the victim is able to tell the offender about the crime's physical, emotional, and financial impact; to receive answers to lingering questions about the crime and the offender; and to be directly involved in developing a restitution plan for the offender to pay back his or her financial debt.
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Young Person's Probation Project (YPP) YPP is a multi-agency approach to addressing young offenders. FAS and local VECs work in conjunction with some of the YPP projects to offer training and education. Counselling and other support services are also offered. Residential projects. The 13 community based projects are all limited companies, run by independent boards of management
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